Fashion2Fiber

1910 Silk Wedding Dress

Description

Wedding dress of ivory silk satin, gauze and lace. Silk satin gown with gauze overlay on skirt, gathered with satin skirt in back just below knee height. Front edge of gauze overlay on skirt ends around knee height. Gauze overlay on skirt is banded with a wide satin band around bottom edge. Gored skirt is gathered at center back. Bodice portion has deep "V" inset of lace over square satin bodice coming up into a high necked collar with satin and gauve pleating on either side of "V". Sleeves are ruched gauze with a satin band at elbow and a 3/4 length lace under sleeve. Pleated satin waistband. Gown closes at center back with hooks and eyes. Lined with light silk taffeta. Underskirt of light silk taffeta with pleated hem.

Source

HCT.1986.154.1ab

Date

1910

Provenance

Florence Kenyon Hayden wore this dress upon her marriage to James Manard Rector on August 3, 1910. Florence was born in St. Louis, MO on August 22, 1881 to Katie and Horace Hayden. Horace was a merchant who passed away when Florence was only a year old, and the family moved to Columbus, Ohio shortly thereafter. Florence began studying architecture at the Ohio State University in 1901 and completed two years of school before withdrawing to begin her career, which included teaching architecture at the university from 1905-1907. Florence is known as the first licensed female architect in the state of Ohio and was recommended to the OSU Board of Trustees to design Oxley Hall, the first women's dormitory on campus, in 1907. She ran her business under the name Kenyon Hayden and it is thought that the Board presumed she was a man. Upon learning the truth, the Board assigned her a male partner, Wilbur Mills. In a 1970 interview with The Columbus Dispatch, Florence describes how she became fed up with Wilbur Mills and locked him out of the office. She then submitted the final plans for the dormitory on her own, and they were approved. While both Florence and Wilbur's name appear on the plans, it is understood that Florence was the principal architect. After marrying James Rector, a prominent physician, Florence began to design medical offices for which she gained national recognition. In addition to her work as an architect, Florence was also an important figure in the women's rights movement of the early twentieth century. She was the financial chairwoman of the National Women's Party in 1921.

Design Elements

Standing Band Collar, S-Curve Dress, Hourglass Silhouette

Fiber/Fabric Information

fiber content=Silk

Decade

1910-1919

Color

Off-white

Files

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Collection

Citation

“1910 Silk Wedding Dress,” Fashion2Fiber, accessed November 22, 2017, http://fashion2fiber.osu.edu/items/show/1397.

Item Relations

Item: And the Bride Wore depicts This Item